Phytelephas Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. : 299 (1798)

Primary tabs

http://media.e-taxonomy.eu/palmae/photos/palm_tc_155974_2.jpg

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Boliviapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae )B
Brazil Northpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae )B
Colombiapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae )B
Ecuadorpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae )B
Panamápresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae )B
Perupresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae )B

Common Name

    Use Record

    Uses

    • Palandra O.F.Cook: Hojas tiernas. Alimenticio. (Cerón, C.E., Etnobiología de los Cofanes de Dureno, provincia de Sucumbíos, Ecuador. 1995 (as Palandra O.F.Cook))
    • Phytelephas Ruiz & Pav.: All parts of the tagua palm are utilizad -roots, stems, floral spathes, fruit, seeds, etc. (…). The roots are used as medicamentis in some sections, diuretic properties being attributed to them. They are also used in the preparation of drinks after boiling. The solid stem has a very hard exterior and because of this property is used, after being split longitudinally, in the laying of floors, in the same manner as "pambil" (Iriartea sp. ?) and "guadua" ,(…). The stems, cut into sections 30 to 40 centimeters long, are used in some parts of the Guayllanac section as seats, in the same way as "cabuya" and agave are used in the Provinces of Tungurahua and Cotopaxi. (…). The "cogollo" or "yema" (apical vegetative cone) is utilized under the name of "guagra changa" as food in salad, curry, etc., being first cooked for these purposes. (…). The leaves, large and pinnate, are used in the roofing and thatching of houses in the mountains, as well as in the villages. The long fibrous spathes, after removal of the inflorescence from within them, are fastened to handles and thus converted into very durable brooms. (…). The fibres of the spathes are also used in the making of strong and durable rope and cord suitable for use during the "winters" or rainy seasons. (…). The seeds are of course the most used part. When very young they are watery, and as they ripen they become progresively milky, curdy, viscous and gelatinous. In these different stages they are used as a drink which is somewhat sweet and as pleasing as or more so than coconut water (Cocos nucifera). (…). For comercial trade the seeds are converted into "shelled tagua" by removal de perisperm or "chocha", (…). (…). Since the beginning of its industrialization, tagua has been found suitable for the manufacture of buttons, and today that is its principal use. (Acosta-Solis, M., Tagua or vegetable ivory - a forest product of Ecuador. 1948)
      Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
      EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantNot identifiedN/AEcuador
      ConstructionThatchEntire leafNot identifiedN/AEcuador
      Utensils and ToolsRopeBractNot identifiedN/AEcuador
      Utensils and ToolsDomesticBractNot identifiedN/AEcuador
      Human FoodFoodSeedsNot identifiedN/AEcuador
      Utensils and ToolsDomesticStemNot identifiedN/AEcuador
      Medicinal and VeterinaryUrinary systemRootNot identifiedN/AEcuador
      ConstructionThatchEntire leafNot identifiedN/AEcuador
      Human FoodFoodPalm heartNot identifiedN/AEcuador
      CulturalCloth and accessoriesSeedsNot identifiedN/AEcuador
      ConstructionHousesStemNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    • Phytelephas Ruiz & Pav.: Fronds for roofing, edible fruit. Present in young fallows. (Denevan, W., and J.M. Treacy, Young managed Fallows at Brillo Nuevo. 1987)
      Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
      EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousBoraPeru
      Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousBoraPeru
      ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousBoraPeru
    • Phytelephas Ruiz & Pav.: La fibra es muy buena para escoba de mano (japimuki) y el chipat de la "tunta" o depósito de virotes para la cerbatana. (Guallart, J.M., Nomenclatura Jibaro-Aguaruna de Palmeras en el Distrito de Cenepa.. 1968)
      Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
      Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingLeaf sheathIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    • Phytelephas Ruiz & Pav.: Leaves are used for thatch. Large seeds are edible and contain thick, chewy meat. Immature seeds provide drinking water in forest. (Vickers, W.T., and T. Plowman, Useful plants of the Siona and Secoya indians of Eastern Ecuador. 1984)
      Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
      ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousSiona-SecoyaEcuador
      Human FoodFoodSeedsIndigenousSiona-SecoyaEcuador
    • Phytelephas Ruiz & Pav.: Planta comestible recolectada. Parte comestible, fruto. (Chirif, A., Salud y nutrición en sociedades nativas. 1978)
      Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
      Human FoodFoodEntire leafIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    • Phytelephas Ruiz & Pav.: Planta semi-cultivadas (protegidas). Parte comestible, hojas, frutos. (Chirif, A., Salud y nutrición en sociedades nativas. 1978)
      Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
      EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      Human FoodFoodEntire leafIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    • Phytelephas Ruiz & Pav.: Su empleo es sobre todo para techar las casas con sus hojas. Su fruto es comestible. Cuando madura se convierte en la tagua o marfil vegetal. (Guallart, J.M., Nomenclatura Jibaro-Aguaruna de Palmeras en el Distrito de Cenepa.. 1968)
      Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
      Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingLeaf sheathIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousAguarunaPeru
      Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    • Phytelephas Ruiz & Pav.: Uso alimenticio. Frutos. (…). En cambio, en el hábitat ribereno (…), y la palmera más comúnmente utilizada para la cubierta es chaapi (Phytelephas sp.) y accesoriamente kuuni (Wettinia maynensis). (…). En las regiones donde se desarrolla un comercio de trata (…). Estas especies son (…), la palmera kinchuk (Phytelephas sp.) cuyas fibras sirven para hacer escobas y la palmera kunkuk (Jessenia weberbaueri), cuyo fruto produce aceite. (…). Los proyectiles utilizados en la cerbatana son flechillas finas (…). Ellas son elaboradas con las nervaduras de las palmas de Kinchuk (Phytelephas sp.) e iniayua (Maximiliana regia). (Descola, P., La selva culta- Simbolismo y praxis en la ecología de los Achuar. 1989)
      Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
      Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAchuarEcuador
      Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathIndigenousAchuarEcuador
      ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousAchuarEcuador
    • Phytelephas Ruiz & Pav.: Utilitarian. (Orejuela, J.E., Traditional productive systems of the Awa (Cuaiquer) indians of soutwestern Colombia and neighboring Ecuador. 1992)
      Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
      Utensils and ToolsDomesticNot specifiedIndigenousAwáColombia