Prestoea Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 3: 899 (1883)

Primary tabs

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)

Ten species distributed throughout the West Indies, from Nicaragua southward in Central America, and into Brazil, Peru and Bolivia. One taxon (Prestoea acuminata var. montana) is widespread in the Lesser Antilles. (J. Dransfield & N. Uhl & C. Asmussen & W.J. Baker & M. Harley & C. Lewis, Genera Palmarum. The evolution and classification of palms. 2008)A

Diagnosis

Biology And Ecology

Etymology

Uses

Description

  • Small to moderate, rarely solitary, usually clustered, unarmed, pleonanthic, monoecious tree palms. Stem slender or relatively stout, erect or decumbent, brown or grey, sometimes swollen basally, leaf scars prominent or obscure, adventitious roots present or absent. Leaves regularly or irregularly pinnate, or undivided, curving or erect; sheath tubular, splitting opposite the petiole, usually not forming a distinct crownshaft, but crownshaft sometimes evident in Prestoea acuminata, often scaly or tomentose, becoming glabrous; petiole usually elongate, rarely short, often slender, channelled adaxially, rounded abaxially, both surfaces densely dark tomentose or scaly, rachis channelled at the base, flat to ridged adaxially, rounded abaxially, densely tomentose (?always); leaflets long, narrow, opposite or subopposite, regularly arranged in one plane, shorter basally and distally, sometimes curved, tips pointed, edges often thickened, single-fold or several-fold distally or in partly entire leaves, midribs of folds prominent adaxially, other veins small, ± equal or 1–2 pairs slightly larger, blade adaxially ± glabrous, abaxially lightly tomentose, whitish dot-like hairs usually abundant, large to small tattered scales along the midrib and sometimes along larger veins, often waxy, transverse veinlets not evident. Inflorescences usually interfoliar in bud, becoming infrafoliar at anthesis or in fruit, branched to 1 order or rarely spicate; peduncle short or more usually elongate, longer than the rachis; prophyll usually persistent, markedly shorter than the peduncular bract, tubular, 2-keeled laterally, ± flat, splitting apically and dorsi-ventrally so as sometimes to appear bifid, inserted at the base of the peduncle, chartaceous to coriaceous, variously scaly; peduncular bract usually persistent, several times longer than the prophyll, terete, with a long hard beak, usually inserted some distance above the prophyll, chartaceous or coriaceous; rachis bearing spirally arranged, short, thin, membranous or stiff, rounded or pointed bracts, each subtending a rachilla; rachillae white at anthesis, usually becoming reddish in fruit, slender, moderate to elongate, erect at first, becoming divaricate or stiffly ascending, sometimes markedly swollen or bulbous basally, rachis and rachillae densely covered with soft pale hairs or with dark red or brown tomentum or glabrous; rachilla bracts very shallow, membranous, subtending triads of flowers basally and paired to solitary staminate flowers distally, flowers superficial or in a slight depression, triads with the staminate flowers only slightly larger than and lateral to the pistillate, rarely (Prestoea longepetiolata var. cuatrecasasii) the pistillate flower surrounded by 2 large bracteoles. Staminate flowers symmetrical or asymmetrical, ovoid, stalked or sessile; sepals 3, distinct and shortly imbricate basally or united in a low cupule, margins smooth or hairy with tufts of hairs at the tips, usually keeled to some extent; petals 3, ovate, distinct, valvate, tips valvate or appressed, margins smooth or hairy with tufts of hairs at the tips; stamens 6, filaments terete, briefly inflexed at the apex, anthers linear, acute or bifid apically, sagittate or free basally, dorsifixed slightly below the middle, latrorse; pistillode columnar or trifid, light or dark. Pollen ellipsoidal, with slight or obvious asymmetry; aperture a distal sulcus; ectexine tectate, finely perforate, or perforate-rugulate, aperture margin similar or slightly finer; infratectum columellate; longest axis 26–46 µm [7/10]. Pistillate flowers broadly ovoid; sepals 3, distinct, imbricate, rounded, margins smooth or hairy; petals 3, distinct, broadly imbricate, rounded, tips valvate; staminodes 6, small, tooth-like; gynoecium ovoid, asymmetrical, unilocular, uniovulate, style not evident, stigmas 3, appressed or reflexed, ovule large, basal, form unknown. Fruit rounded, dark purple to black at maturity (?always), perianth persistent, stigmatic remains subapical or near the middle; epicarp smooth or slightly irregular, mesocarp fleshy, with an inner layer of wide flat fibres, endocarp thin, crustaceous. Seed globose, laterally attached, hilum elongate, raphe branches numerous, anastomosing to form a network, endosperm ruminate or rarely (P. longepetiolata var. cuatrecasasii) homogeneous; embryo subbasal. Germination adjacent-ligular; eophyll bifid (e.g., P. acuminata) or pinnate (e.g., P. decurrens). Cytology: 2n = 36. (J. Dransfield & N. Uhl & C. Asmussen & W.J. Baker & M. Harley & C. Lewis, Genera Palmarum. The evolution and classification of palms. 2008)A

Anatomy

Relationships

Use Record

Uses

  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Alimento. Fruto. Medicinal. Raíz. (…). Dentro de las prácticas medicinales las palmas también presentan un papel esencial, e este caso se encuentran 5 especies de las cuales su raíz es usada en infusiones y bebidas para la curación de la malaria, problemas con la orina y como purgantes; el cogollo de la Bacaba es usado en la curación para la picadura de alacrán. (Forero, M.C., Aspectos etnobotánicos de uso y manejo de la familia Arecaceae (palmas) en la comunidad indígena Ticuna de Santa Clara de Tarapoto, del resguardo Ticoya del municipio de Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia.. 2005 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Medicinal and VeterinaryDigestive systemRootIndigenousTikunaColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousTikunaColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryUrinary systemRootIndigenousTikunaColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryInfections and infestationsRootIndigenousTikunaColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousTikunaColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryInfections and infestationsRootIndigenousTikunaColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryUrinary systemRootIndigenousTikunaColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryDigestive systemRootIndigenousTikunaColombia
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Commonly protected species. (Irvine, D., Succesion Management and Resource Distribution in an Amazonian Rain Forest. 1989 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: El estipe entero se usa en la construcción de ranchos, especialmente para las "azoteas" o barbacoas al aire libre, tablado que hay detrás de las casas en regiones muy pantanosas para satisfacer las necesidades de eliminación; en la confección de gallineros y otras obras, y hendido, a modo de esterilla, para las paredes. Las hojas se usan a veces en el cubrimiento de chozas, y se dice que la cobertura queda muy espesa. De los frutos se prepara una bebida similar a la «leche» de Jessenia; queda de color morado, si los frutos se usan enteros, y blanca si se remueve de ellos previamente mediante frotación manual, el epicarpo. (*). (Patiño,V.M., Palmas oleaginosas de la costa colombiana del Pacífico. 1977 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafNot identifiedN/AColombia
    ConstructionHousesStemNot identifiedN/AColombia
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsNot identifiedN/AColombia
    ConstructionHousesStemNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsNot identifiedN/AColombia
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: El fruto, el cogollo y el estípite. Con el fruto maduro, en agua tibia, se prepara chicha; cahuana y se toma como bebida regrescante o el cogollo fresco también se consume; el estípite se abre para construir el cerco de la maloca. Comestible-frutal-construcción de vivienda. Animales consumidores: El fruto es consumido por la pava colorada, la pava negra, los picones, el guaro, el cerrillo y por el puerco de monte. (La Rotta, C., P. Miraña,M. Miraña, B. Miraña,M. Miraña, and N. Yucuna, Estudio etnobotánico sobre las especies utilizadas por la comunidad indígena Miraña, Amazonas, Colombia. 1987 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousMirañaColombia
    Animal FoodWildlife attractantFruitsIndigenousMirañaColombia
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsIndigenousMirañaColombia
    EnvironmentalFencesStemIndigenousMirañaColombia
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousMirañaColombia
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsIndigenousMirañaColombia
    Animal FoodWildlife attractantFruitsIndigenousMirañaColombia
    EnvironmentalFencesStemIndigenousMirañaColombia
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Los chamí comen el cogollo o churkin (palmito). De la palma se hacen virotes o dardos y extractores de veneno. Cuando se seca sirve para leña. (Cayón, E., and S. Aristizábal, Lista de plantas utilizadas por los indígenas Chami de Risaralda. 1980 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingNot specifiedIndigenousEmberáColombia
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousEmberáColombia
    FuelFirewoodStemIndigenousEmberáColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryPoisoningsNot specifiedIndigenousEmberáColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryPoisoningsNot specifiedIndigenousEmberáColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingNot specifiedIndigenousEmberáColombia
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousEmberáColombia
    FuelFirewoodStemIndigenousEmberáColombia
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Los frutos de esta palma son sometidos al mismo proceso de "maduración" descrito para el milpeso. La única diferencia respecto al milpeso es que el fruto tiene muy poca carne como para chupar la pepa directamente una vez cocinado. (Ortiz, R., Uso, conocimiento y manejo de lagunos recursos naturales en el mundo Yucuna (Mirití-Paraná, Amazonas, Colombia).. 1994 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsIndigenousYucunaColombia
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsIndigenousYucunaColombia
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Palm heart edible ( Prestoea sp., Euterpe spp., Iriartea deltoidea, Socratea exorrhiza, Ammandra sp.). (Balslev, H., and A. Barfod, Ecuadorean palms- an overview. 1987 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartNot identifiedN/AEcuador
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Palma de unos 15 mts de alto, frutos globosos dispuestos en racimos, de color negro cuando están maduros, comestibles. Los cogollos se consumen sin ninguna preparación. De los frutos se obtiene bebida refrescante y puede dejarse fermentar para obtener saxa. (…). Palma de madera liviana para construccíon. Con las hojas se hacen los techos de las viviendas. Aún se usan cuando no se consiguen las tejas de zinc. (…). Productos comestibles. Madera construcción. (…). Cultivada. Construcción; leña, alimento. Tronco. Hojas, fruto. (Garzón, N.C., Aproximación etnobotánica en la comunidad Guayabero de Barrancion-Guaviare. 1985 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
    FuelFirewoodStemIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
    ConstructionHousesStemIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
    ConstructionHousesStemIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
    FuelFirewoodStemIndigenousGuayaberoColombia
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Palmito / heart of palm. (...). The roof is thatched with fronds of different palms, among them Orbignya, Euterpe, Jessenia, Prestoea and Chalar (Geonoma). (Orejuela, J.E., Traditional productive systems of the Awa (Cuaiquer) indians of soutwestern Colombia and neighboring Ecuador. 1992 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousAwáColombia
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousAwáColombia
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousAwáColombia
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousAwáColombia
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Planta comestible recolectada. Parte comestible, corazón. (Chirif, A., Salud y nutrición en sociedades nativas. 1978 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Planta comestible recolectada. Parte comestible, corazón. (Chirif, A., Salud y nutrición en sociedades nativas. 1978 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Planta comestible recolectada. Parte comestible, fruto. (Chirif, A., Salud y nutrición en sociedades nativas. 1978 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Planta semi-cultivadas (protegidas). Parte comestible, frutos, hojas. (Chirif, A., Salud y nutrición en sociedades nativas. 1978 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    Human FoodFoodEntire leafIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    Human FoodFoodEntire leafIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAguarunaPeru
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousAguarunaPeru
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Refresco. (Vasquez, R., and A.H. Gentry, Use and misuse of forest-harvested fruits in the Iquitos area. 1989 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsNot identifiedN/APeru
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsNot identifiedN/APeru
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: The dead trunks of all palm trees, including Ireartea, Euterpe, Mauritia, and Jessenia, all attract palm weevils. (…). The leaflets of Orbygnia, Euterpe, and Astrocaryum are used to weave floor mats and fans, using a number of differen weave types. (Alexiades, M.N., Ethnobotany of the Ese Ejja: plants, health, and change in an amazonian society. 1999 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousEse EjjaBolivia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticEntire leafIndigenousEse EjjaBolivia
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousEse EjjaBolivia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticEntire leafIndigenousEse EjjaBolivia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticEntire leafIndigenousEse EjjaPeru
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousEse EjjaPeru
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticEntire leafIndigenousEse EjjaPeru
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousEse EjjaPeru
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: The root of this palm is crushed and boiled and the decotion is take thrice daily to treat malarian fever. (Schultes, R.E., and R.F. Raffauf, The healing forest- Medicinal and toxic plants of the Northwest Amazonia. 1990 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: The thin mesocarp, triturated with water, forms a creamy sweetish beverage similar to that from fruits of Euterpe (Spruce). (Macbride, J.F., Flora of Peru Vol. XIII Part 1 Nº 2. 1960 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsNot identifiedN/APeru
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsNot identifiedN/APeru
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Un segundo ejemplo de refinamiento lo tenemos en las especies básicas para la obtención de sal (componente básico en la preparación del tabaco líquido o ambil). (…). Luego vienen otras especies pero con espinas. Son palmas como erere, bar y komsña, jar na es la palma que más sal preduce de todas las especies. Caracterizan sus contenidos en la corteza, los cogollos y los racimos de frutas, Otras palmas reconocidas son it ma, k nena, ñek na. (…). La pepa es rica para preparar chicha y caguana, de la palma se sacan yaripa para la casa. (Garzón, C., and V. Macuritofe, La noche, las plantas y sus sueños: Aproximación al conocimiento botánico en una cultura amazónica. 1992 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
  • Euterpe Gaertn.: Uso alimenticio. Frutos. (Descola, P., La selva culta- Simbolismo y praxis en la ecología de los Achuar. 1989 (as Euterpe Gaertn.))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAchuarEcuador
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousAchuarEcuador
  • Prestoea Hook.f.: Heart of palm. (...). The roof is thatched with fronds of different palms, among them Orbignya, Euterpe, Jessenia, Prestoea and Chalar (Geonoma). (...). During Holy Week, they usually gather heart of palm (Euterpe and Prestoea), which they sell in town. (Orejuela, J.E., Traditional productive systems of the Awa (Cuaiquer) indians of soutwestern Colombia and neighboring Ecuador. 1992)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousAwáColombia
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousAwáColombia
  • Prestoea Hook.f.: Palm heart edible ( Prestoea sp., Euterpe spp., Iriartea deltoidea, Socratea exorrhiza, Ammandra sp.). (Balslev, H., and A. Barfod, Ecuadorean palms- an overview. 1987)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartNot identifiedN/AEcuador