Bactris caryotifolia Mart., Hist. Nat. Palm. 2: 106 (1826)

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Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (
Brazil Northeastpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil Southeastpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Atlantic coastal forest of Brazil (Bahia, Espfrito Santo, Rio de Janeiro); lowland rain forest at 1-550 m elevation. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A


  • Bactris caryotifolia is diagnosed by its wedge shaped, distally praemorse pinnae. The type specimen is somewhat problematic. A specimen at M (F neg. 18607) bears a label saying that it was collected by Poeppig in Peru, but because this species does not occur in Peru, this must be a mistake. Handwriting on the label indicates that Martius saw this specimen, and it may be the Beyrich specimen that he used to describe the species. I have decided, however, to designate a neotype in view of this doubt. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Common Name


  • Stems cespitose, in small clumps, 1-1.5 m tall, 12 diam.
    Leaves 10-12; leaf spines solitary, scattered, yellowish brown, black at base and apex, terete or slightly flattened, to 5 cm long, on lateral surfaces of sheath, petiole, and rachis; sheath 11-15 cm long, sheath, petiole, and rachis often gray-tomentose; ocrea not seen; petiole 20-37 cm long; rachis 45-90 cm long; pinnae 11-13 per side, irregularly arranged in clusters of 2, spreading in different planes, wedge shaped, with praemorse apical margins, gray abaxially; middle pinnae 9-18 x 6-10.5 cm.
    Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 6-15 cm long, recurved, spiny or not spiny; prophyll 10-14 cm long; peduncular bract 15-20 cm long, densely gray-or brown tomentose and covered with black or yellow spines to 1.5 cm long; rachis 3.5-12 cm long; rachillae 4-7, 2-11 cm long, not seen at anthesis; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers to 3.5 mm long; sepal lobes to I mm long; petals to 3.5 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers to 4 mm long; calyx cupular, to 3.5 mm long; corolla cupular, to 3.5 mm long; staminodes present or absent; fruits 1-1.8 cm diam., globose to obovoid, purple-black; mesocarp juicy; endocarp turbinate, the sterile pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with short, lobed calyx and longer, briefly lobed corolla, without staminodial ring. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A