Dypsis lanuginosa J.Dransf., Palms Madagascar : 396 (1995)

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Introduction

  • Represented by a single herbarium specimen collected in 1922. We know little about this undergrowth palmlet. Its most distinctive feature is the densely woolly inflorescence with a large number of rachillae. Superficially it resembles D. eriostachys, but the latter has staminate flowers with six rather than three stamens. The species name refers to the woolly hairs on the inflorescence. (J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995)A

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Madagascarpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Lower Mangoro. (J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995)A

Discussion

  • Although known from a single collection, this appears to be a distinctive species. The leaves are entire bifid or with two very small basal leaflets, and otherwise entire bifid, and there is no petiole. Drying of the specimen suggests that in the living state the leaf was probably beautifully undulate and bullate. The shaggyhairy inflorescence is similar to that of D. lantzeana but instead of having three antesepalous stamens, the three stamens are antepetalous. (J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995)A

Diagnosis

  • Gregem specierum floribus staminatis triandris staminibus antepetalis, staminodiis antesepalis alternantibus pertinens, folio magno integrobifido inflorescentia lanuginosa distincta; D. lantzeanae superficialiter similis sed positione staminum omnino diversa. (J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995)A

Biology And Ecology

  • Lowland forest; 300 m. (J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995)A

Conservation

  • Presumed extinct. Not collected for more than seventy years. The forests of the lower Mangoro River have now disappeared. (J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995)A

Common Name

  • Not recorded. (J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995)A

Uses

  • Not recorded. (J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995)A

Description


  • Slender clustering undergrowth palm to 4 m tall. STEM 13 mm diam., but said to reach 40 mm diam., internodes 24-27 mm long, covered in dark brown caducous scales. LEAF with sheath c. 15 cm long, c. 2 cm diam., distally very densely covered with thick red-brown tomentum and scales; auricles ill-defined; petiole absent; rachis 38-44 cm; blade entire bifid or with very small basal leaflets, otherwise entire-bifid, probably undulate and bullate; basal leaflets where present 7-11 x 0.4-1 cm, blade to 48 cm long, gradually widening from c. 4 cm near the base to widest at the tip where 18 cm, the two lobes with a broad sinus, and shallowly to deeply lobed apically, adaxially with minute brown punctiform scales, abaxially minutely roughened and with irregular bands of caducous dark brown scales. INFLORESCENCE probably erect, branching to 2 orders; peduncle 40 cm long, c. 4 mm wide at the base tapering to 3 mm diam. distally, loosely shaggy hairy; prophyll inserted at least 3.5 cm above the base, 28 x 0.7 cm, with scattered dark and pale stellate and shaggy hairs; peduncular bract exceeding the prophyll by 9 cm; rachis 25 cm; rachillae numerous, probably at least 100, c. 2-2.5 cm long, c. 1 mm diam., densely covered in pale brown shaggy hairs, triads c. 1-1.5 mm apart, rachilla bracts rounded, c. 0.5 mm high, obscured by hairs. Immature STAMINATE FLOWER buds c. 0.5 mm diam.; stamens 3, antepetalous. Other parts unknown. (J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995)A

Materials Examined

  • Mahanoro: lower basin of Mangoro, forest vestiges, Oct. 1922 (fl.), Perrier 18050 (Holotype P). (J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995)A

Bibliography

A. J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995
B. World Checklist of Arecaceae