Daemonorops jenkinsiana (Griff.) Mart., Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 327 (1853)

Primary tabs

http://media.e-taxonomy.eu/palmae/photos/palm_tc_55749_3.jpg

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Assam present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Bangladesh present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Cambodia present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
China Southeast present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
East Himalaya present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Hainan present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Laos present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Myanmar present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Philippines present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Taiwan present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Thailand present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Vietnam present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
INDIA (West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya), BANGLADESH, BHUTAN. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Biology And Ecology

  • In the eastern Himalaya it is common in the mixed forests up to 1000m. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Common Name

  • Golak bet, Cheka bet, Dudhia bet, Dangri bet, Golla bet. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Uses

  • Cane is mainly used for making rough baskets, chair frames etc. Tribal people use it for tying fences and for making canes bridges. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Description

  • High climbing rattan; stem with lealshcath 3 - 4 cm in diameter; intemodes 15-20 cm long, longitudinally striatc. Leaves cirrate; leafblade excluding cirrus to 3 m long; leafsheath pale yellow to yellowish green, covered with brown scurf and armed with thin flattened, deep brown to blackish needle-like spines in series or scattered; petiole 15 - 20 cm long, 5 cm broad at widest part; scurfy outside, flat to slightly convex above, armed below with strong digitate claws and straight spines at margins; leaflets equidistant, alternate to suboppos-ite; largest leaflets little above the base, 40 - 50 cm long or in some vigorous specimens 50 - 70 cm long, 2 - 4 cm broad at widest part; ultimate leaflets rudimentary. Inflorescence sub-axillary or inserted above the mouth of their sheaths, not very broadly fusiform after opening; peduncle 3 - 6 cm long; outer bract tapering into a long beak, reddish to reddish brown in colour. Flower branches densely scurfy at base. Male flowers oblong in bud, 5 x 2.5 mm; calyx cupular, hairy at tips; corolla with 3-obIanceolate petals; stamens 6, anthers subulate, connate and thickened at base. Rachillae in female inflorescence upto 8 cm long, sinuous; female flowers 6 - 7 in number on each side; each 5 - 5.5 mm long; calyx cupular, truncate; corolla distinctly veined, with deeply divided lanceolate petals; ovary ovoid to globose, stigmas 3, pappillose inside. Fruit globose, 1.8 cm in diameter; fruit scales in 18 longitudinal series, yellowish brown in colour with distinct darker marginal lines; seed globose, about 10mm in diameter, minutely pitted; pits filled with dark subresinous substances; endosperm ruminate. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Cultivation

  • Experimental cultivation exists in north Bengal. Cultivated in the Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah and in Forest Research Institute, Chittagong, Bangladesh. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Bibliography

    A. S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae