Chamaedorea schiedeana Mart., Linnaea 5: 204 (1830)

Primary tabs

no image available

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Mexico Centralpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Mexico Gulfpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Mexico Southwestpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
MEXICO. Oaxaca. Puebla. Veracruz. (Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.)A

Discussion

  • Schiede discovered C. schiedeana in Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico in the late 1820s and sent material to Martius (1830) who described and named it. Guillaumin (1923b) reported that it was cultivated in Europe as early as 1833 and was at the Musee de Paris, France in 1837. Today, it is found in collections and gardens in California where it is often referred to erroneously as C. oblongata or C. concolor (= C. pinnatijrons). Staminate flowers with apically free and spreading petals distinguish C. oblongata while yellow-orange or red fruits distinguish pinnatijrons. Also, C. oblongata and C. pinnatijrons have fewer pinnae, no more than eight on each side ofthe rachis, while C. schiedeana has 10-13 pinnae per side.
    Burret (1933a) expressed doubt about some ofthe cited accounts and illustrations in the literature that have been referred to C. schiedeana including Otto and Dietrich (1833), Link (1834), Zuccarini (1834), and Martius (1839, 1845, 1849).
    Chamaedorea schiedeana is similar in habit to and can be utilized in the same manner as C. oblongata. It is slightly more rangy with somewhat longer leaves than this latter species, though, and so some discretion is necessary when placing it in the garden or landscape. It is susceptible to infestations of mites but frequent spraying of the undersides of the leaves with a strong stream ofwater should control these pests
    (Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.)A

Biology And Ecology

  • Dense, wet forest on the Atlantic slope; 9001,600 m elevation; often on limestone. (Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.)A

Common Name

  • Cui1iote varon, pacaya Mexico. (Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.)A

    Etymology

    • Honors German doctor Wilhelm Schiede, collector of the type. (Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.)A

    Description

    • Habit: solitary, slender, erect, 3-4 m tall. Stem: 2.5-3 cm diam., smooth, green, ringed, internodes 5-10 cm long. Leaves: 3-5, erect-spreading, pinnate; sheath to 20 cm long, tubular, obliquely open apically and there with a short ligule on either side, green but often persistent and then becoming brown, longitudinally striate-nerved; petiole 10-35 cm long, slightly grooved and green above, rounded and light green below; rachis to 60-70 cm long, angled and green above, rounded below with a light green band extending onto sheath; pinnae 10-14 on each side of rachis, lower-middle ones largest, these to 30 x 3-4 cm, narrowed basally, basal ones shorter and ± reflexed, upper ones shorterand apical pair sometimes confluent and wider, lanceolate to broadly or oblong-Ianceolate, alternate or subopposite, thinpapery, sigmoid, drooping and acuminate apically, a prominent midrib and 2-3 conspicuous primary nerves on each side ofthis, secondaries inconspicuous. Inflorescences: infrafoliar, erect or spreading, solitary; peduncles 20-60 cm long, slender, 0.5-1 cm wide at base and ± flattened, 5 mm diam. at apex and rounded, greenish in flower, redorange in fruit; bracts 6-7, tubular, acuminate, bifid, brown in flower, fibrous, longitudinally striate-nerved, uppermost largest, this to 23 cm long and exceeding peduncle and extending onto rachis; rachises 5-25 cm long, light green in flower, red-orange in fruit. Staminate with 20-45 rachillae, these 15-20 cm long, 2 mm diam., ± drooping, green in flower. Pistillate with 15-20 rachillae, these 15-25 cm long, 2.5 mm diam., ± stiff, ± parallel, greenish yellow or yellowish in flower, red-orange in fruit. Flowers: Staminate in remote or ± dense spirals, 3 x 2.5-3 mm, ± globose, ± flattened apically, yellow, aromatic, slightly sunken in superficial and elliptic depressions to 1.5 mm long; calyx 1 x 2 mm, shallowly lobed, light green ageing to yellowish, brown-margined, sepals connate in basal 2/3 rounded apically, slightly membranous, lightly nerved on inside; petals 2-3 x 1.5-2.5 mm, valvate, connate apically and basally and apically adnate to pistillode and corolla opening by lateral slits, obovate, slightly thickened and fleshy, acute, nerved on inside; stamens 2-2.5 mm high, filaments 1.5-2 mm long, pale or greenish, ± thickened at base, anthers 1.5 mm long, linear-oblong, erect, light yellow; pistillode 2.5 mm high, columnar, truncate apically, light green. Pistillate in remote spirals, 3 x 3 mm, globose, yellow, sunken in superficial and elliptic depressions 1.5-2 mm long; calyx 1 x 2.5 mm, deeply lobed, greenish yellow ageing to yellow, sepals connate in basal 1/3, rounded to acute apically, thin, nerved on inside; petals 2-3 x 2.5-3.5 mm, imbricate nearly to apex, widely oblong or orbicular, concave, slightly thickened and fleshy, erect and acute apically; staminodes 3-6, small, separated, slightly triangular, white; pistil 2-2.5 x 2 mm, depressed-globose, green, stigma lobes sessile, small, angled, slightly elevated, sometimes recurved, not exceeding petals. Fruits: 6-9 mm diam., globose, black, epicarp thin, slightly transparent, mesocarp slightly fleshy, mucilaginous, green, endocarp membranous, nerved; seeds 4.5-6.5 mm diam., globose. (Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.)A

    Materials Examined

    • MEXICO. Oaxaca: Liebmann s.n. (C). Puebla: Asplund824 (S); Moore 6313 (BH); Vera 3339 (MICH). Veracruz: Avendano 398, 470 (F); Bourgeau 2190 (P); Hodel 952A, 952B(BH, MEXU);Nee 26366,26417 (F); Nevling 2418 (F, GH). (Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.)A

    Bibliography

    A. Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae