Daemonorops brachystachys Furtado, Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 8: 344 (1935)

Primary tabs

no image available

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Malayapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Sumaterapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Kelantan, Kedah, Perak, Selangor. N. Sumatra. (J. Dransfield, A Manual of the rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Forest Recirds 29.. 1979)A

Discussion

  • This is a massive acaulescent species associated with stream-sides in lowland forest. It is rare and not well known; it may be conspecific with D. propinqua (q. v.). (J. Dransfield, A Manual of the rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Forest Recirds 29.. 1979)A

Common Name

  • rotanjernang (J. Dransfield, A Manual of the rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Forest Recirds 29.. 1979)A

Etymology

  • Brachus - short, stachus - shoot (J. Dransfield, A Manual of the rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Forest Recirds 29.. 1979)A

Uses

  • Useless except as a source of dragon's blood. (J. Dransfield, A Manual of the rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Forest Recirds 29.. 1979)A

Description

  • Very robust short-stemmed rattan with stem to 1 m tall, ± erect. Stem without sheaths to 4 cm in diameter with sheaths to 6 cm in diameter. Internodes to 5 cm only. Sheaths armed with unequal flattened blackish based spines from 0.5 - 7 cm in length and abundant brown indumentum, the spines sometimes arranged in partial whorls. Knee absent, ocrea inconspicuous. Leaf with a very short cirrus, or ecirrate, to 3.5 m long with petiole massive to 1 m long by 1.5 cm wide armed with large spines to 5 cm long and red brown indumentum. Leaflets to about 30 on each side, only slightly irregular in arrangement, the longest to 60 cm long by 6 cm wide with short bristles confined to the upper surface and margins near the tip. Inflorescences male and female superficially similar with peduncle to 40 cm; partial inflorescences 3-5 rather condensed in female, elongate in male. Ripe fruit to about 2.5 cm long by 2 cm wide ovoid or obovoid, covered in 18-20 vertical rows of reddish brown, dragons blood encrusted scales. Seed rounded or angular about 1.5 cm in diameter. Endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf unknown. (J. Dransfield, A Manual of the rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Forest Recirds 29.. 1979)A

Bibliography

A. J. Dransfield, A Manual of the rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Forest Recirds 29.. 1979
B. World Checklist of Arecaceae