Butia eriospatha (Mart. ex Drude) Becc., Agric. Colon. 10: 496 (1916)

Primary tabs

http://media.e-taxonomy.eu/palmae/photos/palm_tc_28161_1.jpg

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Argentina Northeastpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil Southpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil, in the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, in woodlands and campos. (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A

Discussion

  • This taxon has a more restricted geographical range than Butia capitata, but can be readily differentiated from it by the densely tomentose rather than the more or less glabrous spathes. (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A

Common Name

  • Butia, macuma. (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A

Description

  • Trees 3-6 m tall, 45-50 cm in diam.; sheathing leaf base partially covered with a dense brownish tomentum, petiole 90-100 cm long, margins of petiole armed with short teeth or spines 1-3 cm long; rachis of leaf 2.0-2.5 m long; pinnae 50-55 on each side, regularly arranged, middle ones 70-80 cm long, 2.0-2.3 cm wide, with acute asymmet_ rical tips; expanded part of spathe 120135 cm long, 14-16 cm wide, smooth or striate, covered with a dense brownish tomentum; branched part of spadix 90100 cm long, rachillae numerous, each 35--42 cm long; pistillate flowers rounded, 3-5 mm long, 3.5-5 mm in diam.; staminate flowers 6-8 mm long below, those above 4-5 mm long; fruit mostly globose, 1.8-2.0 cm long, 1.42.2 cm in diam., with short beak, persistent perianth 0.2-0.4 cm high, locules 1-3, seed globose, 1.4-1.6 cm in diam. or oblong, 1.5 cm long, 1 cm in diam. (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A

Materials Examined

  • BRAZIL. RiO GRANDE DO SUL: Glaziou 8059 (K, lectotype; C); SANTA CATARINA: Ponte Alta do Sul, Krapovickas et al. 23065 (F). CULTIVATED. BRAZIL: Luederwaldt s.n. (SP 6.191), A. S. Lima 6748 (SP), Glaziou 8050 (G) . UNITED STATES: Florida, A. Rehder s.n. (A). TANZANIA: Research Station, Amani, P. J. Greenway 1039 (K). CUBA: Jack 8296 (A, NY). (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A

Bibliography

A. S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979
B. World Checklist of Arecaceae