Bactris cubensis Burret, Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl. , III, 6(7): 25 (1929)

Primary tabs

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Cubapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Cuba (Guantanamo, Holguin, Santiago de Cuba). (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Habitat

  • Forest in lowland or hilly areas, at 500-650 m elevation (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Discussion

  • Bactris cubensis is diagnosed by its 50-80 linear pinnae per side, and globose to ovoid, orange fruits 1-1.5 cm in diameter. Salzman & Judd (1995) have given a detailed description and discussion of the relationships of this species. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Common Name

  • Cuba: palmilla. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Description

  • Stems cespitose, 2-6 m tall, 6-10 cm diam., spiny on internodes.
    Leaves 4-10; leaf spines scattered, black, terete, to 6 cm long, in 3 longitudinal rows on petiole or, dense on sheath, petiole and abaxial surface of rachis; sheath 25-50 cm long; ocrea not seen; petiole 30-50 cm long; rachis 1-2 m long; pinnae 50-80 per side, irregularly arranged in clusters, spreading in different planes, linear, spinulose along the margins; middle pinnae 60-74 x 2.5-3.1 cm.
    Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle to 25 cm long, strongly recurved, spiny; prophyll to 12 cm long; peduncular bract 26-43 cm long, densely covered with black spines to 3 cm long; rachis to 5 cm long; rachillae 26-39, 6-13 cm long, at anthesis densely covered with whitish or brownish, moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers 3.5-4 mm long; sepal lobes 1.5-2 mm long; petals 3.5-4 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers 3-3.5 mm long; calyx annular, 0.5 mm long; corolla tubular, 2.53 mm long; staminodes 6, minute, digitate, or absent; fruits 1-1.5 cm diam.; globose to ovoid, rostrate, mesocarp thin, mealy, or oily; endocarp subglobose, the sterile pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers absent; fruiting perianth with entire margined calyx and longer, entire margined corolla, without staminodial ring. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Bibliography

A. Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000
B. World Checklist of Arecaceae