Chamaedorea correae Hodel & N.W.Uhl, Principes 34: 125 (1990)

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Panamápresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B

Discussion

  • With creeping stems that root at the nodes and thick, somewhat leathery, gray-green leaves, C. correae is one of the most distinctive members ofthe genus. It inhabits wind-swept, elfin cloud forest near or at the Continental Divide where its long stems creep through the moss-laden litter of the forest floor or are supported on low shrubs. The inflorescences appear on the stem well below or in back of the leaves, often as much as a meter or so. The bright red pistillate inflorescences are quite showy and persist long after the fruits have fallen.
    Leaves of C. correae from near El Valle, Cocle usually have a broad terminal pair of pinnae with a few, small basal pinnae while those from Veraguas are bifid. At El Cope between El Valle and Veraguas, leaves are intermediate and may be either bifid or pinnate with a large terminal pair and small basal pinnae. C. correae is close to C. guntheriana but the smaller leaves with more narrowly divergent lobes, shorter peduncles, and flowers attaining anthesis in a markedly progressive manner up the axis distin- guish C. guntheriana. C. correae may also be confused with C. chazdoniae but the thinner, green blades with fewer nerves, green petioles, and spreading staminate rachillae with cream-colored flowers distinguish the latter species. C. correae has only recently been introduced to a few collections in California, Florida, Hawaii, and Australia. (Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.)A

Biology And Ecology

Etymology

Description

  • Habit: solitary, decumbent with prostrate portion longer than erect portion, to 2-3 m long, briefly erect to 1 m tall. Stem: 5-10mm diam., creeping, rooting at nodes where touching ground, green, prominently ringed, internodes 5-10 cm long. Leaves: 4-5, erect-spreading, bifid or sometimes pinnate; sheath to 15 cm long, tubular, obliquely open apically, light green, longitudinally striate-nerved; petiole to 10 cm long, flat and graygreen above, gray-green and rounded below; rachis 5-15 cm long, angled and gray-green above, rounded below and with a pale yellow or light green band extending onto sheath; rachis, petiole, and upper part of sheath densely but minutely White-spotted; blade 15-25 x 20-30 cm, incised apically to 3f4 its length, lobes broadly divergent, 15-25 x 4-12 cm, lanceolate, slightly sigmoid, dull green orgray-green, ± thick, acuminate, 8-10 primary nerves above, exterior margin toothed toward apex, or infrequently blade pinnate with a pair of small basal pinnae, these 8-12 x 1.5-3 cm, lanceolate, sigmoid, acuminate, narrowed basally, 2-3 prominent nerves above. Inflorescences: infrafoliar, emerging well below or behind leaves, erect-ascending; peduncles 10-15 cm long, erect and green to greenish yellow in flower, erect or spreading and red-orange in fruit; bracts 5-6, prophyll 5 mm long, 2nd bract 1 cm, 3rd 2-3 cm, 4th 4 cm, 5th 6-8 cm, 6th 8-10 cm, tubular, abruptly flared apically, longitudinally striate-nerved, acute-acuminate, bifid, uppermost not exceeding peduncle. Staminate with 2-3 rachillae or rarely spicate, to 15-20 cm long, 1.5 mm diam., erect, finely longitudinally striated. Pistillate spicate or less often forked; bracts similar to those ofstaminate; rachis or flower-bearing portion to 15-20 cm long, 2 mm diam., finely longitudinally striated, erect and greenish yellow in flower, erect or spreading and red-orange in fruit. Flowers: Staminate rather densely arranged, 2 x 2.5 mm in bud, subglobose, greenish yellow, just prior to anthesis 2.5 x 2.5 mm, yellowish, ± superficial; calyx 2.5-3 mm across, membranous, lobed, sepals connate in basal 1/2-3/4; petals 2-2.5 x 2.5 mm, rounded-triangular, valvate, only briefly connate basally, spreading apically, acute, obscurely nerved; stamens with filaments very short, anthers 0.75-1.25 mm long, flush against base of pistillode; pistillode 1.5-2 mm high, columnar, broadly lobed apically, flared basally and there adnate to filaments, green or yellowish. Pistillate rather densely arranged, 2 x 2 mm, ovoid-globose, greenish yellow, ± superficial; calyx 1-1.25 x 2.5 mm, deeply lobed, green, fleshy, sepals connate in basal 1/4 petals 2-2.5 x 2 mm, long-triangular, imbricate basally, spreading apically, acute; pistil 2-2.5 x 2 mm, globose, pale orgreenish, styles short, stigma lobes flattened, recurved, pointed. Fruits: 5-8 mm long, ellipsoid-globose, black. (Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.)A

Materials Examined