Wettinia aequalis (O.F.Cook & Doyle) R.Bernal, Caldasia 17: 368 (1995)

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Colombiapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Ecuadorpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Panamápresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Panama, W Colombia, and W Ecuador, at elevations below 800 m. In Ecuador it often replaces Wettinia quinaria as a dominant subcanopy species in areas with a slightly seasonal climate. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)A

Description

  • Subcanopy palm. Stem solitary, 4-10 m tall and 7-13 cm in diameter, distally with persisting, dead sheaths. Leaves 3-5 m long; pinnae 20-35 on each side, entire, spreading horizontally in one plane, glabrous on both sides, the central ones 70-110 cm long and 7-16 cm wide. Inflorescences 3-11 per node; peduncle 15-35 cm long; rachis 2-20 cm long; branches 2-10; male inflorescence branches 15-25 cm long; male inflorescence branches to 115 cm long in fruit, strongly pendulous. Male flowers 7-8 mm long, with 5-9 stamens. Female flowers dispersed along the branches, 10-11 mm long. Fruit yellow at maturity, 2-3 cm long and 1.5-2 cm in diameter. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)A

Use Record

  • Wettinia aequalis (O.F.Cook & Doyle) R.Bernal: Construcción. Tallo. (Galeano, G., Las palmas de la región de Araracuara. 1992)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionHousesStemAfro-AmericanoN/AColombia
  • Wettinia aequalis (O.F.Cook & Doyle) R.Bernal: Stems are used for house construction. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionHousesStemNot identifiedN/AEcuador
  • Wettinia aequalis (O.F.Cook & Doyle) R.Bernal: Uso Alimento humano. El cogollo tiemo (palmito) se usa en la alimentación. Uso Construcción. El estípite se usa como puntales en la construcción de viviendas. Las hojas se usan para construir ranchos temporales en el bosque. (Cerón, C.E., C. Montalvo, A. Calazacón et al., Etnobotánica Tsáchila, Pichincha-Ecuador. 2004)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionHousesStemIndigenousTsáchilaEcuador
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousTsáchilaEcuador
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousTsáchilaEcuador
  • Catoblastus aequalis (O.F.Cook & Doyle) Burret: Coaiqueres. Trunks used for house construction. (Barfod, A., and H. Balslev, The use of palms by the Cayapas and Coaiqueres on the Coastal plain of Ecuador. 1988 (as Catoblastus aequalis (O.F.Cook & Doyle) Burret))
  • Catoblastus aequalis (O.F.Cook & Doyle) Burret: Leaves used as thatch for roofs of Indian houses ( Scheelea sp., Geonoma spp., Phytelephas microcarpa, Iriartea deltoidea, Socratea exorrhiza, Welfia georgii, Catoblastus aequalis). (…). The Coaiqueres near the Colombian border call it "Gualte de parar " and use it as posts and thatch in houses. (Balslev, H., and A. Barfod, Ecuadorean palms- an overview. 1987 (as Catoblastus aequalis (O.F.Cook & Doyle) Burret))

Bibliography

A. Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador
B. World Checklist of Arecaceae