Daemonorops kurziana Hook.f. ex Becc., Fl. Brit. India 6: 463 (1893)

Primary tabs

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Andaman Is. present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Myanmar present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Thailand present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Common species of cane in evergreen forests at South Andamans. (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Biology And Ecology

  • Flowering November-December. Fruiting April-June. (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Common Name

  • Sanka beth (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Uses

  • Extensively used in furniture industry. (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Description

  • Clustering large diameter rattan. Stem 20 m long or more, with sheaths 5 cm in diameter, without sheaths 4 cm in diameter. Leaf 3 m long or more, cirrate; sheath yellowish green, densely armed with spines; spines brown, dimorphic, larger ones 2.5 cm long,, base 0.8 cm broad, flat, triangular, papery, brownish with upraised base, smaller ones 1.5 x 0.2 cm, spines above the knee uniform, 1.5 x 0.2 cm, mouth of the sheath with numerous, papery spines, spines to 6 cm long; knee prominent; ocrea riot seen; petiole long, margins spiny; spines to 1 cm long, 3 cm broad; rachis with a single row of reflexed spines at the lower side, upper side with small spines, spines to 0.5 cm long; leaflets regular, the largest to 50 x 3 cm, margins with bristles, midrib prominent, lateral veins ciliate above towards the distal end. Inflorescence erect, covered by an armed sheath; partial inflorescence to 15 cm long; primary sheath long, broad, free, unarmed; rachilla to 7 cm long. Fruit globose, ca. 1.7x 1.5cm; scales in 18 vertical rows, orange yellow on ripening, border dark brown, deeply channelled in the middle; endosperm ruminate. (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Materials Examined

  • Tharmugali, Wondoor, South Andamans, 8.4.1988, fr., Renuka 4062 (KFRI). (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Bibliography

    A. C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae