Bactris balanophora Spruce, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 146 (1869)

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Brazil Northpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Colombiapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Venezuelapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
North of the Amazon river in Colombia (Amazonas, Vaupes), Venezuela (Amazonas), and Brazil (Amazonas); low land rain forest either on terra firme or rarely in inundated areas, 120-600 m elevation (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Discussion

  • Bactris balanophora is diagnosed by its ovoid or obovoid fruits, and flattened, adherent endocarp fibers. Sanders (1991) reported that stems in this species were greater than 6 cm diameter, but the specimens examined here have stems much more slender than this. Sanders considered that the staminate petals were completely connate, but the staminate flowers of Spruce 53 (the type) and Cuatrecasas 7181 are typical of other Bactris in having the petals connate for only about half their length.
    This species is remarkable in having pilose leaf spines. It is similar in this, and some other respects to Bactris ptariana, and the two species may be closely related (although placed far apart by Sanders). Because of this similarity, Henderson (1995) and Henderson et al. (1995) confused some specimens of the two species and mistakenly reported and mapped B. balanophora in Guyana (from where it is not known) (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Common Name

Description

  • Stems cespitose, forming clumps of 2-6 stems, 1.5-7 m tall, 2-3 cm diam., spiny on the internodes.
    Leaves 5-8; leaf spines in distinct clusters, black, somewhat flattened, pilose, to 6(-15) cm long, few to many on sheath, lateral surfaces of petiole and rachis; sheath 30-58 cm long; ocrea to 10 cm long; petiole 40-60 cm long; rachis 0.6-1.1 m long; pinnae 15-21 per side, irregularly arranged in loose clusters of 2- 5, often with gaps between the clusters, spreading in slightly different planes, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, glabrous or usually with sparse, fine spinules abaxially; middle pinnae 34-58 x 2-4.5 cm.
    Inflorescences infrafoliar among persistent leaf sheaths; peduncle 9-11 cm long, recurved, spinulose; prophyll 12-13 cm long; peduncular bract 21-25 cm long, moderately to densely covered with stiff, black spines to 1 cm long; rachis 2-3 cm long; rachillae (5-)7-15, 10-11 cm long, at anthesis densely covered with whitish, flexuous trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers 2.5-4 mm long; sepal lobes 1-1.5 mm long; petals 2.5-4 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers to 3 mm long; calyx cupular, 0.8 mm long; corolla tubular, to 3 mm long, densely covered with stiff, whitish trichomes; staminodes absent; fruits 1.3-1.7 x 0.7-0.8 cm, ovoid or obovoid, not rostrate, orange at maturity; mesocarp starchy; endocarp obovoid, the sterile pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers flattened, adherent to endocarp, anastomosing; fruiting perianth with short, smooth-margined calyx and longer, entire-margined corolla densely covered with trichomes, without staminodial ring (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Use Record

  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: Alim.-Art. En la categoría de uso artesanal se reportan 19 especies, cifra muy baja si se compara con las 84 especies utilizadas en el departamento del Amazonas Cárdenas & López (2000). Entre estas se encuentran el papelillo (Couratari guianensis), el cumare (Astrocaryum aculeatum) como productoras de fibras (…). (Cárdenas, D., and J.G. Ramírez, Plantas útiles y su incorporación a los sistemas productivos del Departamento del Guaviare ( Amazonia Colombiana). 2004 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsOtherSpear leafNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Utensils and ToolsOtherSpear leafNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Utensils and ToolsOtherSpear leafNot identifiedN/AColombia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: Alimentación humana. Utensilios y otras herramientas de uso doméstico. (…). (…) indirecta como el caso de las palmas Mauritia flexuosa y Astrocaryum aculeatum a partir de las cuales se obtienen las larvas de los coleópteros denominadas "mojojoy" que se alimentan de los troncos que han sido derribados para este fin.(…). Tejen chinchorros con las fibras extraídas de las hojas de Astrocaryurn aculeatum que tiñen (…). (Sánchez, M., and P. Miraña, Utilización de la vegetación arbórea en el Medio Caquetá: 1. El árbol dentro de las unidades de la tierra, un recurso para la comunidad Miraña. 1991 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousMirañaColombia
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousMirañaColombia
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousMirañaColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafIndigenousMirañaColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafIndigenousMirañaColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafIndigenousMirañaColombia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: Alimentación. Fruto. Combustible. Tronco, hoja. Construcción de vivienda. Tronco. Armas. Cogollo. Cordelería. Cogollo. Recipientes y artefactos domésticos. Cogollo. Instrumentos musicales. Cogollo. Pesca. Hoja. Piezas de caza que la especie atrae. Cebus apella. (Morcote-Ríos, G., G. Cabrera-Becerra et al., Las palmas entre los grupos cazadores-recolectores de la Amazonia colombiana. 1998 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    CulturalRecreationalSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Animal FoodWildlife attractantNot specifiedIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsRopeSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    FuelFirewoodEntire leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Animal FoodWildlife attractantNot specifiedIndigenousNukakColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousNukakColombia
    FuelFirewoodStemIndigenousNukakColombia
    CulturalRecreationalSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingEntire leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    CulturalRecreationalSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    FuelFirewoodEntire leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    ConstructionHousesStemIndigenousNukakColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousNukakColombia
    ConstructionHousesStemIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsRopeSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Animal FoodWildlife attractantNot specifiedIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsRopeSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    FuelFirewoodStemIndigenousNukakColombia
    FuelFirewoodEntire leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    ConstructionHousesStemIndigenousNukakColombia
    FuelFirewoodStemIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingEntire leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingEntire leafIndigenousNukakColombia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: Alimento. Fruto. Artesanias. Semilla. Construcción. Hoja. (Forero, M.C., Aspectos etnobotánicos de uso y manejo de la familia Arecaceae (palmas) en la comunidad indígena Ticuna de Santa Clara de Tarapoto, del resguardo Ticoya del municipio de Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia.. 2005 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousTikunaColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousTikunaColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousTikunaColombia
    CulturalPersonal adornmentSeedsIndigenousTikunaColombia
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousTikunaColombia
    CulturalPersonal adornmentSeedsIndigenousTikunaColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousTikunaColombia
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousTikunaColombia
    CulturalPersonal adornmentSeedsIndigenousTikunaColombia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: El uso más importante se obtiene de las hojas; de las fibras de las hojas jóvenes se hacen cuerdas de extraordinaria dureza, que son utilizadas para hacer hamacas, chinchorros, canastas e inmumerables artículos derivados; las pinnas completas son también utilizadas para fabricar escobas. El mesocarpio carnoso de los frutos maduros es consumido, al igual que la semilla. Los cuescos vacios (endocarpios) son utilizados, entre otras cosas, como recipientes para guardar el ambil de tabaco. (Galeano, G., Las palmas de la región de Araracuara. 1992 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSeedsNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSeedsNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Human FoodFoodSeedsNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSeedsNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticEntire leafNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticEntire leafNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Human FoodFoodSeedsNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticEntire leafNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Human FoodFoodSeedsNot identifiedN/AColombia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: Food,bait. Fruits. Bows. "Wood". Baskets. Leaves. (Boom, B.M., The Chacobo indians and their palms. 1986 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Animal FoodFish baitFruitsIndigenousChacoboBolivia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingStemIndigenousChacoboBolivia
    Animal FoodFish baitFruitsIndigenousChacoboBolivia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingStemIndigenousChacoboBolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousChacoboBolivia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticEntire leafIndigenousChacoboBolivia
    Animal FoodFish baitFruitsIndigenousChacoboBolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousChacoboBolivia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingStemIndigenousChacoboBolivia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticEntire leafIndigenousChacoboBolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousChacoboBolivia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticEntire leafIndigenousChacoboBolivia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: La madera muy dura y fibrosa se usa para construcciones rústicas, los nativos la usaban para la fabricación de arcos y flechas. Sus frutos son consumidos por los nativos, tanto su mesocarpo en maduro como sus semillas aún blandas inmaduras. (Moreno Suárez, L., and O.I. Moreno Suárez, Colecciones de las palmeras de Bolivia. 2006 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodSeedsIndigenousNot specifiedBolivia
    Human FoodFoodSeedsIndigenousNot specifiedBolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousNot specifiedBolivia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingStemIndigenousNot specifiedBolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousNot specifiedBolivia
    ConstructionHousesStemNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousNot specifiedBolivia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingStemIndigenousNot specifiedBolivia
    Human FoodFoodSeedsIndigenousNot specifiedBolivia
    ConstructionHousesStemNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingStemIndigenousNot specifiedBolivia
    ConstructionHousesStemNot identifiedN/ABolivia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: Las hojas nuevas son usadas para propósitos artesanales: para tejer sombreros. Los frutos y el endosperma inmaduro son comestibles. (Moraes, M., Contribución al estudio del ciclo biológico de la palma Copernicia alba en un área ganadera (Espíritu, Beni, Bolivia). 1991 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodSeedsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodSeedsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    CulturalCloth and accessoriesEntire leafNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodSeedsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    CulturalCloth and accessoriesEntire leafNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    CulturalCloth and accessoriesEntire leafNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: Los frutos son comestibles tras quitarles la cáscara espinosa. Las hojas proporcionan muy buena fibra con la que pueden confeccionarse sombreros y cuerdas. Sólo se utilizan las hojas jóvenes en crecimiento, que se encuentrar en el centro de pequeñas tucumas. No es necesario derribar la palma para hacerse como estas hojas. (…). Los frutos proporcionan un aceite excepcional, usado tanto para cocinar como para tratar infecciones pulmonares. Se preparar como el aceite de majo. (Proctor, P., J. Pelham, B. Baum, C. Ely, M.A. Rogríguez-Girones, Expedición de la Universidad de Oxford a Bolivia. Investigación etnobotánica de las Palmae en el noroeste del departamento de Pando. 25 junio-7 de septiembre de 1992. Informe final: Secci... (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodOilsFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryRespiratory systemFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    CulturalCloth and accessoriesEntire leafNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Utensils and ToolsRopeEntire leafNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    CulturalCloth and accessoriesEntire leafNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodOilsFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryRespiratory systemFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Utensils and ToolsRopeEntire leafNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodOilsFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Utensils and ToolsRopeEntire leafNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    CulturalCloth and accessoriesEntire leafNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryRespiratory systemFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: Objetos para actividades agrícolas, caza y pesca. Objetos para almacenar, transportar y procesar alimentos. Atuendos y accesorios corporales. Ceremoniales. Instrumentos musicales. Objetos para uso doméstico. (Cadena-Vargas, C., M. Diazgranados-Cadelo, and H. Bernal-Malagón, Plantas útiles para la elaboración de artesanías de la comunidad indígena Monifue Amena (Amazonas, Colombia). 2007 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    CulturalRitualNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    CulturalPersonal adornmentNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    CulturalRitualNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    CulturalRecreationalNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    CulturalRitualNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    CulturalPersonal adornmentNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    CulturalPersonal adornmentNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    CulturalRecreationalNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    CulturalRecreationalNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: Se come el coco fresco y asado. También se come el cogollo. Nace mojojoy. Se puede hacer un pilón de coca, bolsas, cernidor, hamacas, chinchorros, manillas y muñeca para niñas. También sirve para decorar. Anteriormente se utilizó como anzuelo tradicional haciendo "náilon" de cumare para pescar. Sirve para flecha y del cogollo se saca sal, purgante para matar ameba y antibiótico. El cogollo mata marrano, sí lo comen. (…). Se come la fruta y se hace sal vegetal para el ambíl. Se quema para sacar sal de la ceniza. (Kronik, J. et al., Fééjahisuu. Palmas de los Nietos de la Tierra y Montaña Verde del Centro. 1999 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    CulturalPersonal adornmentNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    CulturalCloth and accessoriesNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    CulturalRecreationalPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryInfections and infestationsPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryInfections and infestationsPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    EnvironmentalOrnamentalNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryDigestive systemPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    CulturalRecreationalPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    CulturalPersonal adornmentNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    CulturalPersonal adornmentNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    CulturalRecreationalPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    CulturalCloth and accessoriesNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    CulturalCloth and accessoriesNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryDigestive systemPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    EnvironmentalOrnamentalNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    EnvironmentalOrnamentalNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryDigestive systemPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingNot specifiedIndigenousMuinaneColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinaryInfections and infestationsPalm heartIndigenousMuinaneColombia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: Sus frutos, de pulpa amarillenta, son una fuente importante de alimento para la fauna silvestre, como chanchos de tropa, taitetús, jochis, guasos, y pequeños roedores; además se puede extraer aceite de ellos. (Gutiérrez-Vásquez, C.A. and R. Peralta, Palmas comunes de Pando, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia. 2001 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Animal FoodWildlife attractantFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Animal FoodWildlife attractantFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Animal FoodWildlife attractantFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
  • Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace: También se come el coco de su fruto. Con su fibra se elaboran hamacas y otros utensilios tales como pulseras, collares y tensores de arcos. Las mujeres colectan las hojas jóvenes de las palmas y luego, en el campamento, se encargan de preparar la fibra que van empatando en pedazos hasta de 60 cm. (Cárdenas, D., and Politis, G.G., Territorio, movilidad, etnobotánica y manejo del bosque de los Nukak Orientales. 2000 (as Astrocaryum aculeatum Wallace))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    CulturalPersonal adornmentSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    CulturalPersonal adornmentSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousNukakColombia
    CulturalPersonal adornmentSpear leafIndigenousNukakColombia