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  • This concept of the taxon Wallichia chinensis Burret, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 13: 602 (1937) is not contained as an accepted taxon in the currently chosen classification.
  • This concept of the taxon Sabal miamiensis Zona, Brittonia 37: 366 (1985) is not contained as an accepted taxon in the currently chosen classification.
  • This concept of the taxon Heterospathe versteegiana Becc., Nova Guinea 8: 203 (1909) is not contained as an accepted taxon in the currently chosen classification.
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Bibliography

Synonymy

    no image available

    Distribution

    Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
    Boliviapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
    Brazil Northpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
    Colombiapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
    Venezuelapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
    From 2°03'N-11°45'S and 55°00-75°50'W in the central-western Amazon region of Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia at 160(48-525) m elevation in lowland rainforest. (Henderson, A.J. (2011) A revision of Geonoma. Phytotaxa 17: 1-271.)A

    Discussion

    • This is the most variable subspecies with several local morphotypes. Some specimens (large fruit morphotype) in the western part of the range in Peru and Colombia, especially from around Iquitos in Peru, have larger fruits (mean fruit length 14.0 mm, mean fruit diameter 11.0 mm) than those of other specimens (mean fruit length 11.0 mm, mean fruit diameter 8.2 mm). Specimens (parvisecta morphotype) from scattered areas in Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, and Brazil, especially in the upper Rio Negro region, often in black water river areas on sandy soils (campina, catinga), are smaller than others and often have undivided leaves. The types of Geonoma chelidonura and G. parvisecta are of this morphotype. Most specimens (e.g., Henderson 1517, Trail 989, 991, 998, 1002, 1005, 1007)(intermediate morphotype) from the eastern part of the range in Brazil, occurring in flooded areas near the main Amazon river (várzea), have 1-veined pinnae interspersed between the wider basal and apical pinnae, and in some cases resemble the sympatric subsp. compta. A few specimens from widely scattered localities (Balick 942, Gruezmacher 45, Kuhlmann 1237, Le Fiell 4, Moore 8428, Pipoly 15638, Prance 7596, Rimachi 10965, 11275, Rudas 3101)(densiflora morphotype) in Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, and Brazil (including an unmapped specimen, Kuhlmann 1237, from "Tocantins", Pará) have thinner textured, sigmoid pinnae, few, thicker rachillae, and persistent pistillate flowers. The types of G. densiflora, G. densiflora var. monticola, and G. personata have these kinds of leaves and inflorescences. The specimens often occur sympatrically with subsp. chelidonura and subsp. compta and may be of hybrid origin. (Henderson, A.J. (2011) A revision of Geonoma. Phytotaxa 17: 1-271.)A

    Description

    • Leaves undivided or irregularly pinnate (sometimes with 1-veined pinnae present), not plicate; rachis 24.7(7.3-63.0) cm long; pinnae 3(1-10) per side of rachis; basal pinna 4.3(0.2-20.0) cm wide, forming an angle of 44(10-87)° with the rachis. Inflorescences rachillae 15(4-36). (Henderson, A.J. (2011) A revision of Geonoma. Phytotaxa 17: 1-271.)A

    Synonymy

      • =Geonoma chelidonura Spruce, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 111 (1869)
      • Geonoma maxima var. chelidonura (Spruce) A.J.Hend., Palms Amazon : 279 (1995)
      • =Geonoma densiflora Spruce, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 112 (1869)
      • =Geonoma densiflora var. monticola Spruce, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 118 (1869)
      • =Geonoma personata Spruce, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 112 (1869)
      • =Geonoma tuberculata Spruce, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 112 (1869)
      • Geonoma spruceana subsp. tuberculata (Spruce) Trail, J. Bot. 14: 329 (1876)
      • Geonoma spruceana var. tuberculata (Spruce) Trail, J. Bot. 14: 329 (1876)
      • =Geonoma spruceana Trail, J. Bot. 14: 328 (1876), nom. illeg.
      • =Geonoma spruceana var. heptasticha Trail, J. Bot. 14: 329 (1876)
      • =Geonoma spruceana var. major Trail, J. Bot. 14: 330 (1876)
      • =Geonoma spruceana var. micra Trail, J. Bot. 14: 329 (1876)
      • =Geonoma tuberculata var. major Drude, Fl. Bras. 3(2): 500 (1882)
      • =Geonoma juruana Dammer, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 48: 119 (1907)
      • =Geonoma longisecta Burret, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 63: 257 (1930)
      • =Geonoma parvisecta Burret, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 1018 (1930)
      no image available

      Distribution

      Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
      Philippinespresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B

      Synonymy

        no image available

        Distribution

        Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
        Philippinespresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B

        Synonymy

          no image available

          Distribution

          Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
          Philippinespresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B

          Synonymy

            • =Calamus lindenii Rodigas, Ill. Hort. 30(1): 499 (1883)
            • Palmijuncus lindenii (Rodigas) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 733 (1891)
            no image available

            Distribution

            Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
            From 18°01-23°13'S and 39°48-44°57'W in the Atlantic Coastal Forest of Brazil in Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo at 251(50-650) m elevation in lowland rainforest. (Henderson, A.J. (2011) A revision of Geonoma. Phytotaxa 17: 1-271.)A

            Description

            • Leaves pinnae 3(3-4) per side of rachis.
              Inflorescences rachillae 9(5-15), 4.3(3.7-5.0) mm in diameter, densely hairy, not filiform and not narrowed between the flower pits; proximal and distal lips drying the same color as the rachillae; flower pits mostly spirally arranged. (Henderson, A.J. (2011) A revision of Geonoma. Phytotaxa 17: 1-271.)A

            Synonymy

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