Bactris major var. socialis (Mart.) Drude, Fl. Bras. 3(2): 359 (1881)

Primary tabs

no image available

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Bolivia present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Pando, Santa Cruz). (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Habitat

  • In open areas or in scrub or secondary forest, always near streams or other wet places, at 125-500 m elevation. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Discussion

  • All the specimens examined of this variety have a second "staminodial ring" between the calyx and corolla. This rarely occurs in var. major (Sanders, 1991). The type has not been found at P. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Common Name

  • Bolivia: maraya├║. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Uses

  • The stems are used for making baskets and the fruits are eaten (Balick et al. 1428). (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Description

  • Leaves 4-8; pinnae 38-57 per side, irregularly arranged, spreading in the same or slightly different planes.
    Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncular bract to 40 cm long, yellowish brown on outer surface, sparsely to moderately covered with yellowish brown spines to 1 cm long; pistillate flowers and fruits with a "staminodial ring" between the calyx and corolla; fruits 3.5-4 x 2-3 cm, ellipsoid or obovoid, rostrate, purple-black, minutely spinulose. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Bibliography

    A. Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae