Bactris major var. major

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Belize present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil North present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil Northeast present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Colombia present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Costa Rica present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
El Salvador present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
French Guiana present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Guatemala present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Guyana present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Honduras present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Mexico Gulf present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Mexico Southeast present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Mexico Southwest present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Nicaragua present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Panamá present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Suriname present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Trinidad-Tobago present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Venezuela present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Southern Mexico, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Colombia (Bolívar, Córdoba, Magdalena, Norte de Santander), the Guianas, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela (Apure, Barinas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro, Monagas, Portuguesa, Yaracuy, Zulia), and Brazil (Amapá, Pará, Piauí) (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Habitat

  • In forest or more often in open areas near streams or standing water, often in coastal areas, also in disturbed places, 0-600 m elevation. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Common Name

  • Local names. Belize: hone, pork-and-dough boy. Colombia: lata, lata de gallinazo. EI Salvador: huiscoyol, uiscoyol. French Guiana: zagrinette. Guatemala: coconut-boy, guiscoyol, huiscoyol, match, pahuac. Honduras: biscoyol. Mexico: cocoyol de jauacte. Nicaragua: coyolito, wiscoyal. Panama: caña brava, mongo lolo, palma brava. Venezuela: cubarro, cucurito, ji. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Description

  • Leaves 3-10; pinnae 28-46 per side, more or less regularly arranged, occasionally clustered, spreading in the same plane.
    Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncular bract 28-60 cm long, densely to moderately covered with black or dark brown spines to 1 (-2) cm long; rachillae (3-)5-10(-17); pistillate flowers and fruits usually without a "staminodial ring" between the calyx and corolla; fruits 3.3-4.5 x 2.3-3.5 cm, obovoid, ellipsoid, irregularly ellipsoid or broadly obovoid, brown or purple-black, with minute spinules or small brown scales, glabrescent. (Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000)A

Bibliography

    A. Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae